Can we reach Open Access in the Humanities and the Social sciences ? (conference, Mexico, September 17th)
The arrival of the web has increased opportunities to democratise access to knowledge. This is particularly the case in the humanities and social sciences, which fulfil a social function in interpreting and understanding societies, their culture, history and sociology. Though the open access movement was pioneered by physicists (ArXiv), the movement now includes the humanities and social sciences through projects relating to journals (Redalyc, Scielo, Revues.org), books (Oapen, OpenEdition Books), open archives (HAL, SSRN) and even blogs (Hypothèses, Culture visuelle). While some commentators denounce open access as a utopia dangerous for the entire publishing system, others argue that it represents a historic opportunity for the humanities and social sciences to position themselves at the vanguard of all disciplines, rather than cultivating a quiet conservatism. Above and beyond these theoretical arguments, however, is the question of how to attain open access. The “green” and “gold” approaches are pitted against one another, though they are in fact complementary. Many commentators propose to shift the onus of payment from post- to pre-production, from reader to author. Others propose alternative solutions such as crowdsourcing or subscription mechanisms. OpenEdition, for its part, provides commercial services while maintaining its content in open access. In all events, a balanced, long-term and economically sound solution will depend on a new alliance between the actors of the scholarly publishing system: publishers, libraries, academics and platforms.
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About Marin Dacos
Marin Dacos is the founder and the director of OpenEdition. Originally a historian of photography, he taught at Avignon University and the EHESS in Paris for several years before founding Revues.org in 1999. He is now a digital humanities and open access specialist. His projects have been awarded grants several times by major players such as the French Ministry of Research, CNRS, University of Aix-Marseille, EHESS, Fundation Gulbenkian, Google (Google Grant for Digital Humanities for Bilbo). OpenEdition is now a “Facility of Excellence” and funded until 2020. He has published a great many articles on digital history and digital publishing and is the editor of Read/Write Book. Le livre inscriptible (OpenEdition Press, 2010) and the co-author, with Pierre Mounier, of L’édition électronique (La Découverte, 2010).
OpenEdition serves the humanities and social sciences research communities through four publication and information platforms: Revues.org (scientific journals), Calenda, (academic announcements), Hypotheses (research blogs) andOpenEdition Books. OpenEdition is developed by the Centre for Open Electronic Publishing (Cleo), a non-profit public initiative promoting open access academic publishing, with the support of the main French research institutions. Since 2011, OpenEdition is complemented by a Freemium programme addressing libraries’ specific needs in a variety of formats and services.
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In English : https://twitter.com/openmarin
In French : https://twitter.com/marindacos